Female genital mutilation: cultural awareness and clinical considerations

J Midwifery Womens Health. 2007 Mar-Apr;52(2):158-63.

Female genital mutilation: cultural awareness and clinical considerations.

Braddy CMFiles JA.

Division of Community Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA.


Clinicians in the United States are increasingly encountering girls and women who have undergone female genital mutilation. To foster a more trusting relationship with such patients, health care providers must have an accurate understanding of the cultural background surrounding this practice, a working knowledge of the different types of female genital mutilation procedures that may be encountered, and an awareness of both the acute and long-term complications. Some of these complications are potentially fatal, and the correct clinical diagnosis can be lifesaving

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