A case of vulval swelling secondary to female circumcision posing a diagnostic dilemma.

Int J Surg Case Rep. 2012;3(9):431-4. Epub 2012 May 24.

A case of vulval swelling secondary to female circumcision posing a diagnostic dilemma.

Amu OC, Udeh EI, Ugochukwu AI, Madu C, Nzegwu MA.

Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria.

INTRODUCTION: The practice of FGM is most prevalent in the African countries such as Nigeria, Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt, and some area of the Middle East. It is not restricted to any ethnic, religious or socioeconomic class. There are many reasons for perpetuation of this practice; the most common are cultural and religious beliefs. The aim of this paper is to highlight the diagnostic dilemma associated with this type of case and the psychological trauma of a patient following her unfortunate genital mutilations.

PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of epidermal inclusion dermoid cyst in an 18-year-old teenage girl referred to us from the gynecologist as a case of hydrocoele of the canal of Nuck involving the left labia majora. Patient was previously seen by general practitioner who diagnosed a left Bartholins cyst. Excision of the mass, revealed a well encapsulated cystic mass containing serous fluid with no extension to the inguinal area, measured 10cm×8cm. Histology showed epidermoid inclusion dermoid cyst probably related to circumcision (female genital mutilation).

DISCUSSION: Implantation dermoid cyst though a recognized complication of FGM is rare in our environment and a high index of suspicion is required any time a girl presents with a vulval swelling. Cosmesis still remains the watchword to assuage the psychological impact on the patient.

CONCLUSION: There is need for more public health campaigns to educate communities about the harms of circumcision with the goal of eradicating the practice.

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