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Egyptian ever-married women’s attitude toward discontinuation of female genital cutting.

Singapore Med J. 2010 Jan;51(1):15-20.

Egyptian ever-married women’s attitude toward discontinuation of female genital cutting.

Afifi M.

Department of Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health (Headquarters) Dubai, PO Box 1853, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. afifidr@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to examine Egyptian ever-married women’s beliefs and attitude toward the discontinuation of female genital cutting (FGC). We also examined the significant sources of information which the women with positive attitude were exposed to the year prior to the survey. METHODS: In a national representative community-based sample of 15,573 ever-married Egyptian women, the intention to continue the practice of FGC and other sociodemographical variables were collected from the 2000 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey data. A secondary in-depth analysis was conducted on the data in order to investigate the women’s attitude and its associated factors. RESULTS: Only 12.4 percent of the sample intended to discontinue the practice. The logistic regression models showed that women with a positive attitude to discontinue the practice believed that FGC was not an important part of religious traditions, that husbands did not prefer a cut wife, and that FGC reduced sexual desire. The most significant sources of information related to a positive attitude to discontinue the practice were community discussions, the mosques or churches and the newspapers. CONCLUSION: The aforementioned sources of information are related to the social and religious aspects of women in the Egyptian community. In order to change women’s attitude toward the discontinuation of this unhealthy practice, communication rather than passive learning is needed.

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