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[Medical and legal aspects of genital mutilation and circumcision part I: female genital mutilation (FGM)].

Arch Kriminol. 2011 Jan-Feb;227(1-2):1-22.

[Medical and legal aspects of genital mutilation and circumcision part I: female genital mutilation (FGM)].

[Article in German]

Dettmeyer R, Laux J, Friedl H, Zedler B, Bratzke H, Parzeller M.

Aus dem Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Giessen.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is considered to be against the law and against morality not only in Western countries, although a woman of age and able to consent may sometimes think differently. The procedure may have serious physical and emotional consequences for the girl or woman. Nevertheless there are attempts to justify the procedure with medical and hygienic pseudoarguments, ideology, freedom of religion, cultural identity and social adequacy. Outside the Western world, some people claim that religion and culture alone justify the practice. In Germany, parents can lose the right to determine the residence of their daughter, if she is faced with the risk of genital mutilation in order to prevent that the  child or girl is taken to her home country. Genital mutilation as a gender-specific threat is recognized as a reason to grant asylum or prevent deportation. Proposals to make genital mutilation a separate punishable offence are presently discussed by the legislator.

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