Br J Community Nurs. 2009 Feb;14(2):86-9.
The Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003: an overview for district nurses.
Griffith R, Tengnah C.
School of Health Sciences, Swansea University, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or injure female genital organs for non-medical reasons. An estimated 100 to 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM with some three million girls at risk in Africa every year. The procedure has no health benefits and can cause severe bleeding and continence problems, and later, potential childbirth complications and newborn deaths. FGM is internationally recognized as a violation of one’s human rights (World Health Organisation, 2008). In the UK it is a procedure outlawed by the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003.
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