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Female genital mutilation and transcultural nursing: adaptation of the Rising Sun Model

Contemp Nurse. 2016 Nov 29:1-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Female genital mutilation and transcultural nursing: adaptation of the Rising Sun Model.

Jiménez-Ruiz I, Almansa Martínez P

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a widespread practice mainly in Sub-Saharan Africa and is considered an affront on the dignity and health of women and young girls.

OBJECTIVES: To establish a theoretical model, inspired by that of Madeleine Leininger, in order to examine the reasonings used to justify FGM.

METHODS: Theorization through bibliographic review.

Resuts and conclusions: The factors used to justify this act are diverse and convert the tradition into a form of cultural care. From this viewpoint, nurses might evaluate the supposed justifications via the Rising Sun Model in order to redirect such a practice through nursing interventions such as: research into propagating factors, sensitizing through hindering factors or health education, highlighting the contradictions existent in the justification of FGM.

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