Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2017 Feb;136 Suppl 1:1-2. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.12041.
Management of health outcomes of female genital mutilation: Systematic reviews and evidence syntheses.
Sunday-Adeoye I, Serour G.
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice without any known benefit. The true burden of FGM is dfficult to determine owing to the lack of reliable data on girls younger than 15 years; women and girls in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America; and on immigrant populations continuing the practice in Europe, North America, and Australia.
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