Tag Archives: Adult

A person having attained full growth or maturity. Adults are of 19 through 44 years of age. For a person between 19 and 24 years of age, YOUNG ADULT is available.

[Maternal and foetal prognostic in excised women delivery]

J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2007 Jun;36(4):393-8. Epub 2007 Apr 6.FREE

[Maternal and foetal prognostic in excised women delivery]. [Article in French]

Millogo-Traore F, Kaba ST, Thieba B, Akotionga M, Lankoande J. fmillogo_traore@caramail.com


INTRODUCTION: The female circumcision constitutes by their frequency and complications a real problem of public health.

MATERIAL AND METHOD: Our study aims at comparing the maternal land fetal complications of the spontaneous vaginal delivery in the excised women and non-excised. We led a comparative survey case witness implying 227 excised pregnant women at the maternity in CHU YO of Ouagadougou.

RESULTS: The prevalence of the excision from January 1st to July 31, 2006 was 72.86%. The distribution of female genital mutilations in this population is the following: type I=27.75%, type II=69.61%, type III=2.64%. The middle age was 25 years and 79.30% of women were aged less than 30 years. Islam appeared like a factor of exposure to the practice of the excision with 67.40% of women excised that practise it against 41.90% at the non-excised group (P<0,0001). The maternal complications were dominated by the duration of fetal expulsion prolonged and perineal tears. The duration of fetal expulsion was superior to 30 minutes for 34.56% of excised woman childbirths 9 times more frequently than women non-excised (P=0.001). The frequency of perineal tears was 10.13% in the group of women excised against 5.73% in the group of the non-excised (P=0.008). These perineal lesions were more frequent with the primiparae and women excised at the 2nd and 3rd degree. The neobirth asphyxia affected 4.4% of newborns from mother excised against 0.2% in the non-excised group (RR=5.18; P=0.006). In the group of excised them the rate of mortinatality was 22.03 for 1000 births, against 8.81 for 1000 births in the group of the non-excised (P=0.22).

CONCLUSION: The prevention of these complications with the excised woman rests on the episiotomy and the instrumental extraction in the FGM of type III.

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Women’s empowerment and the intention to continue the practice of female genital cutting in Egypt.

Arch Iran Med. 2009 Mar;12(2):154-60. FREE

Women’s empowerment and the intention to continue the practice of female genital cutting in Egypt.

Afifi M.

Department of Primary Health Care, MOH (HQ), P.O. Box 1853, Dubai, UAE. afifidr@yahoo.co.uk

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to (dis)prove the association of the level of women’s empowerment with their future intention to perpetuate female genital cutting for their daughters.

METHODS: In a national representative community-based sample of 14,393 currently-married women in Egypt, the level of empowerment, intention to continue the practice, and other socio- demographic variables were collected in the 2000 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey. Secondary in-depth analysis was conducted on data downloaded from MEASURE Demographic Health Surveys (MEASURE DHS) website.

RESULTS: About 14% of the women intended to discontinue the practice. Twenty-six percent of the women were empowered in all household decisions. Levels of women’s empowerment adjusted for age, residence, education, interaction between empowerment and education, work status, and female genital cutting status of currently-married women were entered in six logistic regression models in a sequential way.

CONCLUSION: In the last model, those of high levels of empowerment and education were 8.06 times more likely not intending to perpetuate female genital cutting for their daughters than low- empowered low-educated women.

This article can be accessed for free in this LINK

Awareness, perception and practice of female genital mutilation among expectant mothers in Jos University Teaching Hospital Jos, north-central Nigeria.

Niger J Med. 2010 Jul-Sep;19(3):311-5.

Awareness, perception and practice of female genital mutilation among expectant mothers in Jos University Teaching Hospital Jos, north-central Nigeria.

Dattijo LM, Nyango DD, Osagie OE.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos,
Nigeria. Lamaran2@yahoo.com

BACKGROUND: WHO estimates that some 130 million women worldwide are affected, and every year another 2 million girls and young women are at risk of undergoing the  practice of FGM. Although Nigeria has a prevalence of 19% in 2003,a reduction from 25% prevalence of 1999 national survey, it still has high absolute number of cases with wide regional variation. The awareness and perception of expectant mothers may give an insight as to what awaits their unborn daughters and have a bearing on the future of the practice.
METHODOLOGY: Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to 260 expectant mothers at the antenatal clinic of Jos University Teaching Hospital between 1st and 31st July 2007.
RESULTS: Majority of the respondents (94.6%) were aware of FGM. Mass media was the main source of information. Majority (83.8%) wanted the practice to be discontinued, 31.3% reported having had FGM, most done by traditional healers. About 14.6% have a plan to circumcise their daughters citing tradition, marriage prospects, and faithfulness to husband as their reasons. Only 16.2% wanted the practice to continue.
CONCLUSION: There is high level of awareness of the FGM among respondents who also have negative attitude to the practice, even as the practice is still prevalent. More health education is needed to illustrate the dangers of the practice in order to safeguard the health of the girl-child.

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