IRIN Africa News. A service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 26 Dec 2008.
BENIN-TOGO: Can microcredit turn FGM/C cutters to new trades?
… TCHAMBA, 26 December 2008 (IRIN) – For years, the Togolese government and its NGO partners have been trying to convince women who perform female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) to trade in their knives for microcredit loans and agricultural equipment.
Despite a 10-year-old law in Togo that criminalises FGM/C some ethnic groups in Togo still report clandestine cuttings.
While the number of women reporting having undergone FGM/C in Togo has decreased by half since 1996 to seven percent of the population in 2008, according to a recent UN-funded government study, it is not clear what role income-generating activities have had in this drop…
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UNICEF. Benin DHS. 2001.
UNICEF: BENIN FGM/C COUNTRY PROFILE
… While the prevalence of FGM/C among women aged 15-49 varies significantly according to ethnicity, 17% of the women in Benin have undergone some form of FGM/C. This decreases among women in the younger age groups (29 and under). FGM/C varies significantly across regional and ethnic lines, averaging fewer than 2% in the southern regions of Atlantique, Mono Couffo, Plateau and Oueme, to 58% in Borgou. It is most prevalent among the Peulh (88%), Bariba (77%), and Yoa and Lokpa (72%), and lowest among the Fon (0.3%). FGM/C is not practiced by women of the Adja ethnic group. The prevalence of FGM/C varies significantly according to education as well – 22% of women with no formal schooling have been cut compared to 5% of women with secondary education….
This sheet can be accessed in this LINK
United States Department of State. 2001.
Benin: Report on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Female Genital Cutting (FGC), 1 June 2001
…The Benin chapter of the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children (IAC) conducted a survey in 1992. It estimated that the percentage of women who have undergone this procedure is close to 30 percent. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the percentage is closer to 50 percent. However, this figure appears high to many locally based physicians and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
The 1992 survey found that while Type II or excision is widely practiced, the practice is not uniformly distributed throughout the country. It occurs in the northern part of the country, particularly in the departments of Atacora, Borgou, Zou and Alibori. It also occurs in some communities in the southern coastal department of Oueme. The ethnic groups most affected are the Bariba, Peul, Boko, Baatonau, Wama and Nago. The Wama and the Peul (Fulani) ethnic groups perpetrate the practice in Atacora…
This report can be accessed in this LINK
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
Country Fact Sheet: Female Genital Mutilation in Benin
… According to the 2006 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), which assesses the health of the country‘s population, 13 per cent of women between the ages of 15 and 49 have been subjected to FGM. This is a clear decline in numbers from the time of the 2001 survey, which showed an overall prevalence of nearly 17 per cent. The marked regional disparities in the prevalence of FGM are primarily the result of ethnic differences. The women most frequently cut are Bariba (74 per cent), followed by the Fulbe (72 per cent) and the Yoa and Lokpa (53 per cent)…
This document can be accessed in this LINK