Tag Archives: Crime/legislation

‘Female genital mutilation’ in Europe: Public discourse versus empirical evidence

International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, Available online 2 May 2017.

‘Female genital mutilation’ in Europe: Public discourse versus empirical evidence

Johnsdotter SMestre i Mestre RM 

HIGHLIGHTS

• There is a discrepancy between public discourse and empirical evidence regarding ‘female genital mutilation’ in Europe.

• Framing FGM as a widespread social problem in Europe creates myths about activities among immigrant communities.

• An analysis of court cases in Europe shows that the typical European case is FGM performed in Africa.

• Public discourse regarding FGM needs to be challenged in multicultural democracies under the rule of law.

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Female genital mutilation and reporting duties for all clinical personnel

Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2016 Jul;77(7):419-23. doi: 10.12968/hmed.2016.77.7.419.

Female genital mutilation and reporting duties for all clinical personnel.

Cropp G, Armstrong J

ABSTRACT

Female genital mutilation is illegal. It is now mandatory for health-care professionals to report female genital mutilation to the police. Professionals caring for women and girls of all ages must understand how female genital mutilation presents, and what action to take.

This article can be accessed in this LINK

“FGM must now be reported but reinfibulation guidance is needed”

FREENurs Times. 2015 Mar 4-10;111(10):7.

“FGM must now be reported but reinfibulation guidance is needed”

Richens Y

EXTRACT

Since its inception, it has lobbied for a confidential national reporting system.

There were two reasons for this: the first is that as a group of clinicians, we could not provide effective evidence-based care for women if we did not know how many women had been subject to this abhorrent procedure; the second is that we wanted to provide clinical education for midwives, nurses, health visitors and doctors so that the best care can be provided to women.

With the support of Baroness Rendell, who has been raising questions in the House of Lords for nearly two decades, we met with Jane Ellison MP. It was a real meeting of minds and it was clear that, from this meeting, we would finally make progress when she agreed that it was nigh on impossible for us to address a problem in the UK without knowing the true extent of it….

This article is available in this LINK

Improve reporting of female genital mutilation, MPs tell doctors

BMJ. 2015; 350 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h1467 (Published 18 March 2015)

Improve reporting of female genital mutilation, MPs tell doctors

O’Dowd

EXTRACT

Doctors must be encouraged to report cases of female genital mutilation (FGM) to tackle what is still a woefully under-reported crime, MPs have claimed.

In a report1 based on their follow-up inquiry on FGM published by the parliamentary Home Affairs Select Committee on 14 March, MPs said that “buck passing” for failure to prosecute the crime had to stop…

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005

scotlawThe Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 8) was passed by the Parliament on 26th May 2005 and received Royal Assent on 1st July 2005. This Act is applied in Scotland. In Wales, North Ireland and England the UK 2003 Female Genital Mutilation Act applies.

The text of the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 8) can be accessed in this LINK.

 

Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985

fgmlThe Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985 was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that made female genital mutilation a crime in the United Kingdom. This Act has been replaced by the UK Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003.

The text of the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985 can be accessed in this LINK

 

Surgeon acquitted of carrying out female genital mutilation in a prosecution criticised by obstetricians

BMJ. 2015, 350, h703

Surgeon acquitted of carrying out female genital mutilation in a prosecution criticised by obstetricians

Dyer C

EXTRACT

An NHS trainee obstetrician who faced the first prosecution in the United Kingdom for female genital mutilation has been acquitted after the jury deliberated for less than half an hour.

Dhanuson Dharmasena, then a junior registrar in obstetrics and gynaecology at the Whittington Hospital in north London, was accused of reinfibulating a Somali woman by sewing her labia together after the birth of her first child in 2012. But he told the jury that he had put only a small suture at the top of a cut he had made to deliver the baby, to stop bleeding, in an emergency situation.

The verdict of not guilty came after Mr Justice Sweeney, who presided over the 13 day trial at Southwark Crown Court, told the jury in his summing up that they would have to consider whether the doctor had been made a “scapegoat” …

This article can be accessed in this LINK

 

Female Genital Mutilation: A Human Rights Perspective

Journal of Psychology in Africa. 2009, 19(1):55-61

Female genital mutilation: a human rights perspective

Odeku K, Rembe S & Anwo J

ABSTRACT

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) constitutes all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural or non-therapeutic reasons. The practice remains an extremely complex and culturally sensitive. It involves a broad spectrum of issues such as child health and human rights standards. FGM constitutes an unacceptable violation of the rights of the girl child and adult women to their natural sexuality. International human rights covenants underscore the obligations of the United Nations member States to ensure the protection and promotion of human rights, including the rights to non-discrimination, life and physical and mental integrity. Despite the outlawing of the practice in many countries, it is still prevalent in Africa. Various human rights instruments have the potentials to prevent, stop and eliminate the practice by holding perpetrators responsible and accountable.

This article can be accessed in this LINK

GP accused of being involved in female genital mutilation fails to have charges thrown out

BMJ. 2014 May 18;348:g3363. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g3363.

GP accused of being involved in female genital mutilation fails to have charges thrown out.

Dyer C.

EXTRACT

A GP caught in a newspaper sting over female genital mutilation has failed in a bid to have General Medical Council charges against him thrown out on the ground of entrapment.

Ali Mao-Aweys faces an allegation that he offered to help arrange for the procedure to be done on a child or children in the United Kingdom, in meetings and a telephone conversation with an …

This article can be accessed in this LINK