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First UK prosecution for female genital mutilation moves a step closer.

BMJ. 2013 May 8;346:f2981. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f2981. FREE

First UK prosecution for female genital mutilation moves a step closer.

Torjesen I.

EXTRACT

The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) is examining five cases of alleged female genital mutilation as part of its effort to try to finally bring the first successful prosecution for the offence in the United Kingdom.

Female genital mutilation has been a criminal offence in the UK for almost 30 years under the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985. The law was made tougher in 2003 when the Female Genital Mutilation Act made it an offence for UK citizens to take a child abroad for the procedure.

Each year more than 20 000 girls under the age of 15 years living in the UK are believed to be subjected to female genital mutilation or “cutting,” and 66 000 women are living with the consequences.1 However, no one has ever been successfully prosecuted under either act, and no case has even been brought to court…

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Female genital mutilation: the ethical impact of the new Italian law.

J Med Ethics. 2007 Feb;33(2):98-101. FREE

Female genital mutilation: the ethical impact of the new Italian law.

Turillazzi E, Fineschi V.

Department of Legal Medicine, University of Foggia, Policlinico Ospedali Riuniti, Via Luigi Pinto 1, 71100 Foggia, Italy.

ABSTRACT

Despite global and local attempts to end female genital mutilation (FGM), the practice persists in some parts of the world and has spread to non-traditional countries through immigration. FGM is of varying degrees of invasiveness, but all forms raise health-related concerns that can be of considerable physical or psychological severity. FGM is becoming increasingly prohibited by law, both in countries where it is traditionally practised and in countries of immigration. Medical practice prohibits FGM. The Italian parliament passed a law prohibiting FGM, which has put in place a set of measures to prevent, to oppose and to suppress the practice of FGM as a violation of a person’s fundamental rights to physical and mental integrity and to the health of women and girls. The Italian law not only treats new offences but also wants to deal with the problem in its entirety, providing important intervention in all the sectors. Different kinds of interventions are considered, starting with the development of informative campaigns, training of health workers, institution of a tollfree number, international cooperation programmes and the responsibility of the institution where the crime is committed. Particularly, the law recognises that doctors have a role in eliminating FGM by educating patients and communities.

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Cosmetic genitoplasty: It’s female genital mutilation and should be prosecuted.

BMJ. 2007 Jun 30;334(7608):1335.FREE

Cosmetic genitoplasty: It’s female genital mutilation and should be prosecuted.

Berer M.

Comment on BMJ. 2007 May 26;334(7603):1090-2.

EXTRACT

Liao and Creighton ask how healthcare providers in the United Kingdom should respond to requests for “genitoplasty,”1 or what two UK websites call “labial reduction” and “female genital reshaping.”2 3 This procedure, which entails “the partial or total removal of the external female genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons,”4 is a criminal offence in the UK under …

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Egypt tightens ban on female genital mutilation after 12 year old girl dies.

BMJ. 2007 Jul 7;335(7609):15.FREE

Egypt tightens ban on female genital mutilation after 12 year old girl dies.

Meleigy M.

EXTRACT

Egypt has announced that it is imposing a complete ban on female genital mutilation. The ban was imposed last week by the Ministry of Health after a public outcry over the death of a 12 year old girl, Budour Ahmad Shaker, who died from an overdose of anaesthetic while being circumcised.

After the much publicised death of the girl, the Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights appealed to the government for a law that would criminalise the practice and that would “punish doctors who commit this crime, and close clinics and hospital that continue to practise it.” The doctor who had carried out the circumcision on the girl has been arrested, and the clinic where it took place has been closed down.

In Egypt 75% of female genital mutilation is carried out by doctors and nurses, and 25% are carried out by birth attendants, or …

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BMA backs police campaign against female genital mutilation.

BMJ. 2007 Jul 21;335(7611):116.FREE

BMA backs police campaign against female genital mutilation.

Moszynski P.

EXTRACT

A crackdown on female genital mutilation has been launched by London’s Metropolitan Police in an attempt to protect the estimated 6500 girls it believes undergo the procedure each year in the United Kingdom.

The BMA backed campaign, dubbed Operation Azure, has been launched at the start of the summer holidays, because that is the time when girls from certain ethnic groups—mainly African communities—are thought to be most at risk. The extended holiday period allows time to recover from the physical effects of the operation. Most girls are sent abroad, but female genital mutilation is also thought to be conducted in the UK, although no one has ever been prosecuted.

A £20 000 (€30 000; $40 000) reward has been offered in an attempt to break the wall of silence surrounding the issue. The Metropolitan …

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