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[Psychological factors of genital automutilation and medico-ethical interest in emergency vulvoplasty]

Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2006 Feb;34(2):134-6. Epub 2006 Feb 21.

[Psychological factors of genital automutilation and medico-ethical interest in emergency vulvoplasty]. [Article in French]

Fayad S, Srom V, Delotte J, Bafghi A, Sorci K, Bongain A.

Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Reproduction et Médecine Foetale, Hôpital Archet-II, CHU de Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, BP 3079, 151, route de Saint-Antoine-de-Ginestière, 06202 Nice cedex 03, France.

ABSTRACT

The genital self-mutilation is not rare in women. Risk factors found in these cases are: mood disorders, food behavior anomalies and antecedents of sexual aggression. However, surgical repair is not done in emergency: we find no similar report to our clinical case describing an added up bilateral reduction nymphoplasty carried out in emergency after hemorrhagic genital self-mutilation. We discuss psychological risk factors, psychiatric diagnosis and optimal treatment, studied from medico-ethical point of view, for this surgical emergency.

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Original research

Strengthening the emergency healthcare system for mothers and children in The Gambia.

Reprod Health. 2010 Aug 18;7:21.

Strengthening the emergency healthcare system for mothers and children in The Gambia.

Cole-Ceesay R, Cherian M, Sonko A, Shivute N, Cham M, Davis M, Fatty F, Wieteska S, Baro M, Watson D, Phillips B, Macdonald R, Hayden B, Southall D.

Head Office, Maternal and Childhealth Advocacy International (MCAI), Conway Chambers, 83 Derby Rd, Nottingham NG1 5BB, UK. director@mcai.org.uk.

ABSTRACT: A system to improve the management of emergencies during pregnancy, childbirth, infancy and childhood in a region of The Gambia (Brikama) with a population of approximately 250,000 has been developed.This was accomplished through formal partnership between the Gambian Ministry of Health, the World Health Organisation, Maternal Childhealth Advocacy International and the Advanced Life Support Group.Since October 2006, the hospital in Brikama has been renovated and equipped and more efficiently provided with emergency medicines. An emergency ambulance service now links the community with the hospital through a mobile telephone system. Health professionals from community to hospital have been trained in obstetric, neonatal and paediatric emergency management using skills’ based education. The programme was evaluated in log books detailing individual resuscitations and by external assessment.The hospital now has constant water and electricity, a functioning operating theatre and emergency room; the maternity unit and children’s wards have better emergency equipment and there is a more reliable supply of oxygen and emergency drugs, including misoprostol (for treating post partum haemorrhage) and magnesium sulphate (for severe pre-eclampsia). There is also a blood transfusion service.Countrywide, 217 doctors, nurses, and midwives have undergone accredited training in the provision of emergency maternal, newborn and child care, including for major trauma. 33 have received additional education through Generic Instructor Courses and 15 have reached full instructor status. 83 Traditional Birth Attendants and 48 Village Health Workers have been trained in the recognition and initial management of emergencies, including resuscitation of the newborn. Eleven and ten nurses underwent training in peri-operative nursing and anaesthetics respectively, to address the acute shortage required for emergency Caesarean section.Between May 2007 and March 2010, 109 patients, mostly pregnant mothers, were stabilised and transported to hospital by the new emergency ambulance service.293 resuscitation attempts were documented in personal logbooks.A sustainable system for better managing emergencies has been established and is helping to negate the main obstacle impeding progress: the country’s lack of available trained medical and nursing staff. However, insufficient attention was paid to improving staff morale and accommodation representing significant failings of the programme.

This article can be accessed in this LINK.