Tag Archives: Government Regulation

Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005

scotlawThe Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 8) was passed by the Parliament on 26th May 2005 and received Royal Assent on 1st July 2005. This Act is applied in Scotland. In Wales, North Ireland and England the UK 2003 Female Genital Mutilation Act applies.

The text of the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 8) can be accessed in this LINK.

 

Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985

fgmlThe Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985 was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that made female genital mutilation a crime in the United Kingdom. This Act has been replaced by the UK Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003.

The text of the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985 can be accessed in this LINK

 

Public health, cultural norms and the criminal law: an inconvenient union? A case study of female genital cutting.

Med Law. 2012 Sep;31(3):451-72.

Public health, cultural norms and the criminal law: an inconvenient union? A case study of female genital cutting.

Iyioha I.

Faculty of Law, University of Western Ontario, London ON, Canada. Ireh.patricia@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Social and cultural stereotypes held about women and their health needs constitute a significant barrier to the enforcement of laws protecting women’s health. While the promulgation of remedial legislation to address the problem is a positive step towards protecting women’s health, these laws are promulgated in a cultural milieu that remains unwelcoming to women’s rights. The clash between long-held cultural perceptions and health laws, such as those affecting women’s reproductive health, engenders more problems for women’s health because the laws sometimes fail to produce the desired behavioural changes. This paper attempts to debunk the uncritical assumption that legislative reforms without more are positive instruments of change in protecting women’s health. In outlining this thesis, the paper examines the legal prohibition of Female Genital Cutting (‘FGC’) as a case study. To determine whether FGC prohibition laws are likely to be effective in achieving the public health agenda of protecting women’s health, the paper analyzes FGC laws against the normative and instrumental theories of legal compliance, as well as against the socio-cultural worldviews underlying the practice. It concludes that legislative efforts to protect women’s health may remain ineffective without structured efforts between health systems, governments or legal institutions and the cultural society.

There is no LINK to view this article online.

The Scottish NHS does not turn a blind eye to female genital mutilation.

BMJ. 2013 Jan 8;346:f29. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f29.FREE

The Scottish NHS does not turn a blind eye to female genital mutilation.

Brown IG.

Comment on BMJ. 2012;345:e8121.

EXTRACT

…I am the senior partner in a north Glasgow practice that has more than 3000 patients from an asylum seeking or refugee background. The practice has been involved in the care of this group of patients since 1999. Trained nurses and doctors within the practice are aware of female genital mutilation and its prevention. We regularly examine and report on cases of female genital mutilation for legal purposes. The Medical Foundation in Glasgow also has high levels of awareness and expertise, as do our consultant colleagues at the Princess Royal Maternity Hospital. We do not think routine examination of female children is an abuse of their human rights, we consider it part of our General Medical Services contract…

This letter can be accessed for free in this LINK