Tag Archives: Great Britain

London GP is cleared of practising female genital mutilation

BMJ. 2014 Apr 15;348:g2807. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g2807.

London GP is cleared of practising female genital mutilation.

Dyer C.


A London GP who removed almost all of the labia minora of a patient during cosmetic surgery has been cleared of practising female genital mutilation by the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service.

Sureshkumar Pandya performed labiaplasty in March 2012 on a 33 year old woman named only as Patient A, who complained that her labia were “ugly” and made her uncomfortable. He saw her again a week later and recorded that the wound was healing well.

But a week after that, Patient A went to see another GP, who recorded in her notes: “Patient upset …

This letter can be purchased in this LINK

Doctors are key to securing the UK’s first conviction for female genital mutilation, say campaigners.

BMJ. 2013 Nov 5;347:f6672. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f6672.

Doctors are key to securing the UK’s first conviction for female genital mutilation, say campaigners.

Hives-Wood S.


Doctors who find evidence of female genital mutilation (FGM) should treat it as a crime and report it to police, a coalition of health organisations has recommended.

The coalition said that a government funded awareness strategy was needed, similar to that launched in the 1990s to tackle HIV, to prevent the genital mutilation of young girls. Doctors and other health and care professionals should be held responsible for monitoring female genital mutilation and treating it as child abuse.

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Ending female genital mutilation in the UK

Lancet. 2013 Nov 16;382(9905):1610. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62353-3.

Ending female genital mutilation in the UK.

[No authors listed]


“Four women held me down. I felt every single cut. I was screaming so much I just blacked out.” So wrote Leyla Hussein in The Guardian last week about her experience of female genital mutilation (FGM).

About 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM, which includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. FGM can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating, cysts, infections, infertility and complications in childbirth. It has no health benefits for girls or women, and is a severe violation of their rights…

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Tackling female genital mutilation in the UK.

BMJ. 2013 Dec 4;347:f7150. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f7150.FREE

Tackling female genital mutilation in the UK.

Creighton SM, Liao LM.


As a result of the diaspora of communities that practise female genital mutilation, many more women are now living with genital mutilation in the United Kingdom, and many more girls are at risk. The campaign to end the practice in the UK has been spearheaded by committed and experienced activists (www.forwarduk.org.uk, http://www.equalitynow.org with wide institutional endorsement),1 as reflected in recent intercollegiate recommendations for dealing with the problem.2

The document results from collaboration between the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the Royal College of Midwives, the Royal College of Nursing, Equality Now, and the Unite union. It merges key points from several existing guidelines3 4 5 6 into a single paper that reiterates the core message: female genital mutilation is a form of child abuse. It points to the importance of data collection and sharing between relevant agencies for effective action. It stipulates appropriate professional care for girls and young women affected by the practice. For the recommendations to be implemented (we hope urgently), a strategic implementation plan with a tight time frame is …

This article can be accessed in this LINK.

FGM: a hidden crime.

Community Pract. 2013 Dec;86(12):22-3.

FGM: a hidden crime.

Naughton L.


A new report into female genital mutilation (FGM) highlights that, despite the barbaric practice being illegal in the U.K., not one single person has been held to account for their involvement in the act.

There is no LINK to access this article online.

Female genital mutilation: a literature review.

Nurs Stand. 2013 Sep 4-10;28(1):41-7. doi: 10.7748/ns2013.

Female genital mutilation: a literature review.

Terry L, Harris K.

Faculty of Health and Social Care, London South Bank University, UK. terrylm@lsbu.ac.uk


Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice involving the removal or alteration of parts of the female genitalia for non-therapeutic reasons. It may be carried out on cultural grounds, and is associated with immediate and long-term physical and psychological problems. This literature review explores the prevalence of and attitudes to FGM, personal experiences of women who have undergone the procedure and effective nursing care of this patient group.

There is no LINK to view this article online

First UK prosecution for female genital mutilation moves a step closer.

BMJ. 2013 May 8;346:f2981. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f2981. FREE

First UK prosecution for female genital mutilation moves a step closer.

Torjesen I.


The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) is examining five cases of alleged female genital mutilation as part of its effort to try to finally bring the first successful prosecution for the offence in the United Kingdom.

Female genital mutilation has been a criminal offence in the UK for almost 30 years under the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985. The law was made tougher in 2003 when the Female Genital Mutilation Act made it an offence for UK citizens to take a child abroad for the procedure.

Each year more than 20 000 girls under the age of 15 years living in the UK are believed to be subjected to female genital mutilation or “cutting,” and 66 000 women are living with the consequences.1 However, no one has ever been successfully prosecuted under either act, and no case has even been brought to court…

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Cosmetic genitoplasty: It’s female genital mutilation and should be prosecuted.

BMJ. 2007 Jun 30;334(7608):1335.FREE

Cosmetic genitoplasty: It’s female genital mutilation and should be prosecuted.

Berer M.

Comment on BMJ. 2007 May 26;334(7603):1090-2.


Liao and Creighton ask how healthcare providers in the United Kingdom should respond to requests for “genitoplasty,”1 or what two UK websites call “labial reduction” and “female genital reshaping.”2 3 This procedure, which entails “the partial or total removal of the external female genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons,”4 is a criminal offence in the UK under …

This article can be accessed for free in this LINK

Maternal deaths and vulnerable migrants.

Lancet. 2008 Mar 15;371(9616):879-81. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60393-1.FREE

Maternal deaths and vulnerable migrants.

Bragg R.

Reaching Out Project, Medact, London N1 6HT, UK. rosbragg@medact.org


Media coverage of the recent UK Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Health (CEMACH) report focused on the risks associated with obesity, but largely ignored the findings about vulnerable migrants. Maternal mortality is six times higher for black African women and four times higher for black Caribbean women than for white women in the UK. Although some of the causes are understood, there are new factors that warrant further investigation.

Unsatisfactory arrangements for interpretation and lack of awareness of female genital cutting are documented in the report. Five women who were murdered by their partners had the abusive partner as their interpreter. For one woman, late identification of genital cutting led to an unnecessary caesarean section and may have directly contributed to her death. Migration from countries in which the practice is common has led to increased prevalence of genital cutting among pregnant women in the UK…

This paper can be accessed in this LINK