Health Care Women Int. 2017 May;38(5):463-477. doi: 10.1080/07399332.2017.1294593. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
Knowledge and attitudes toward female genital cutting among West African male immigrants in New York City.
Akinsulure-Smith AM, Chu T.
In this project, we explored knowledge and attitudes toward female genital cutting (FGC) in a survey of 107 West African immigrants, including 36 men. Men in this study were as knowledgeable about the health consequences of FGC as women, though with a less nuanced understanding. They also rejected the practice at rates comparable to women. Despite this knowledge and rejection of FGC, most men did not express a personal preference for women with or without FGC in intimate relationships. Future research and interventions must explore men’s opposition to FGC and emphasize the impact of FGC on their partners’ gynecological and reproductive health.
This article is available in this LINK
Cult Health Sex. 2017 Apr 18:1-16. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2017.1313449. [Epub ahead of print]
Changing practices and shifting meanings of female genital cutting among the Maasai of Arusha and Manyara regions of Tanzania.
Van Bavel H, Coene G, Leye E.
Using mixed methods that combined participant observation and semi-structured in-depth interviews, this study looked at changing practices and shifting meanings of female genital cutting among the Maasai people in Tanzania. The findings suggest that an increasing social pressure to abandon female genital cutting has inspired the hiding of the practice, causing the actual cutting to become detached from its traditional ceremonial connotations. This detaching of cutting from ceremony has created a shift in meanings: the ceremony still carries the meaning of passage into adulthood, while the cutting seems to function as a way of inscribing Maasai identity into the body. The detaching of genital cutting from ceremony offers those willing to continue the practice the opportunity to do so without being prosecuted, and those unwilling to undergo or perform the practice the opportunity to evade it by faking the cutting without being socially sanctioned for it. Findings also suggest changing attitudes towards the practice among the younger generation as the result of education. Maasai culture and the practice of female genital cutting are not static but actively challenged and reinterpreted from within the community, with formally schooled and women taking up leading roles in reshaping gender norms.
This article can be accessed in this LINK