Tag Archives: International Cooperation

The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.

Supporting the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation in the Context of Migration

IOM International Organization for Migration.

Supporting the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation in the Context of Migration


…IOM became increasingly concerned and aware of the practice of FGM when the numbers of African women refugees requiring health assessments for resettlement began to rise.10 The organization therefore started to address the issue within the framework of its integration activities. Through pre-departure cultural orientation courses, IOM advocates against FGM among groups preparing to resettle. This is where migrants first learn that the practice is banned in Europe and Northern America.

The organization has also now started to implement specific projects on FGM. Several IOM missions are already undertaking activities to support a complete abandonment of FGM in migrant communities in Europe, in particular Austria, Italy, Portugal, and Switzerland. Other IOM missions, such as Finland, carry out activities related to the prevention of FGM within the framework of broader projects, for example mainstreaming migrants’ health rights…

This Information Sheet can be accessed in this LINK

Female Genital Mutilation: A Human Rights Perspective

Journal of Psychology in Africa. 2009, 19(1):55-61

Female genital mutilation: a human rights perspective

Odeku K, Rembe S & Anwo J


Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) constitutes all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural or non-therapeutic reasons. The practice remains an extremely complex and culturally sensitive. It involves a broad spectrum of issues such as child health and human rights standards. FGM constitutes an unacceptable violation of the rights of the girl child and adult women to their natural sexuality. International human rights covenants underscore the obligations of the United Nations member States to ensure the protection and promotion of human rights, including the rights to non-discrimination, life and physical and mental integrity. Despite the outlawing of the practice in many countries, it is still prevalent in Africa. Various human rights instruments have the potentials to prevent, stop and eliminate the practice by holding perpetrators responsible and accountable.

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Genital mutilation as an expression of power structures: ending FGM through education, empowerment of women and removal of taboos.

Afr J Reprod Health. 2006 Aug;10(2):13-7.

Genital mutilation as an expression of power structures: ending FGM through education, empowerment of women and removal of taboos.

Finke E.

There is no ABSTRACT available for this article.

There is no LINK available to view this article online.

Global women’s health in 2010: facing the challenges.

J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010 Nov;19(11):2081-9. Epub 2010 Oct 28.

Global women’s health in 2010: facing the challenges.

Lester F, Benfield N, Fathalla MM.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02120, USA. flester@partners.org


Women’s health is closely linked to a nation’s level of development, with the leading causes of death in women in resource-poor nations attributable to preventable causes. Unlike many health problems in rich nations, the cure relies not only on the discovery of new medications or technology but also getting basic services to the people who need them most and addressing underlying injustice. In order to do this, political will and financial resources must be dedicated to developing and evaluating a scaleable approach to strengthen health systems, support community-based programs, and promote widespread campaigns to address gender inequality, including promoting girls’ education. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have highlighted the importance of addressing maternal health and promoting gender equality for the overall development strategy of a nation. We must capitalize on the momentum created by this and other international campaigns and continue to advocate for comprehensive strategies to improve global women’s health.

This article can be purchased in this LINK