Categories
Archives Blog News

Benin: Report on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Female Genital Cutting (FGC)

United States Department of State. 2001.FREE

Benin: Report on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Female Genital Cutting (FGC), 1 June 2001 

NN.AA.

EXTRACT

…The Benin chapter of the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children (IAC) conducted a survey in 1992. It estimated that the percentage of women who have undergone this procedure is close to 30 percent. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the percentage is closer to 50 percent. However, this figure appears high to many locally based physicians and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

The 1992 survey found that while Type II or excision is widely practiced, the practice is not uniformly distributed throughout the country. It occurs in the northern part of the country, particularly in the departments of Atacora, Borgou, Zou and Alibori. It also occurs in some communities in the southern coastal department of Oueme. The ethnic groups most affected are the Bariba, Peul, Boko, Baatonau, Wama and Nago. The Wama and the Peul (Fulani) ethnic groups perpetrate the practice in Atacora…

This report can be accessed in this LINK

Categories
Archives Blog Original research

Jomo Kenyatta, Marie Bonaparte and Bronislaw Malinowski on clitoridectomy and female sexuality.

Hist Workshop J. 2008 Spring;65:23-48.

Jomo Kenyatta, Marie Bonaparte and Bronislaw Malinowski on clitoridectomy and female sexuality.

Frederiksen BF.

No abstract is available for this article.

There is no link to view this article online.

Categories
Archives Blog News

Dutch government cracks down on female circumcision

Lancet. 2004 May;363(9420):1531

Dutch government cracks down on female circumcision

van Kolfschooten F

Preview

The Netherlands is taking measures to crack down on female genital mutilation (FGM) because of the practice’s severe physical and psychological effects. Last week, the Dutch cabinet set up a committee to develop a control system for the prevention and detection of FGM. The committee will also collect figures about the scale and varieties of female circumcision that are taking place and will estimate how many girls are at risk…

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Categories
Archives Blog Original research

The Cultural Debate over Female Circumcision: The Sudanese Are Arguing This One Out for Themselves

Med Anthropol Q. 1996 Dec; 10 (4): 455-475

The Cultural Debate over Female Circumcision: The Sudanese Are Arguing This One Out for Themselves

Gruenbaum E

ABSTRACT

This article critiques medical ecological analysis of female circumcision as a “maladaptive cultural pattern” and argues that this highly controversial procedure must be analyzed within the larger contexts of women’s lives in underdeveloped countries. International efforts to eradicate female circumcision, while often couched in seemingly progressive feminist rhetoric, inadvertently serve to mask the negative health effects of the economic exploitation of poor countries such as Sudan. Reproductive histories and ethnographic data are used to argue that though female circumcision is not maladaptive, cultural discourse about it is resulting in changes in the meaning, techniques, and frequency of this practice.

This article can be purchased in this LINK.