Blog Review

Health information interventions for female genital mutilation.

FREEInt J Gynaecol Obstet. 2017 Feb;136 Suppl 1:79-82. doi:10.1002/ijgo.12052.

Health information interventions for female genital mutilation.

Smith H, Stein K.


Providing information and education to women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM) could be an important influence on their healthcare-seeking behavior. Healthcare providers also need adequate knowledge and skills to provide good quality care to this population. Recent WHO guidelines on managing health complications from FGM contain best practice statements for health education and information interventions for women and providers. This qualitative evidence synthesis summarizes the values and preferences of girls and women living with FGM, and healthcare providers, together with other evidence on the context and conditions of these interventions. The synthesis highlights that healthcare providers lack skills and training to manage women, and women are concerned about the lack of discussion about FGM with providers. There is a need for more training for providers, and further research to understand how health information interventions may be perceived or experienced by women living with FGM in different contexts.

This article can be accessed in this LINK


Referrals for female genital mutilation must rise, say MPs.

BMJ. 2014 Jul 6;348:g4447. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g4447.FREE

Referrals for female genital mutilation must rise, say MPs.

Dyer C.


government should make the failure of professionals to report concerns a criminal offence unless reports rise substantially, a committee of MPs has said.

In a hard hitting report that denounces the practice as an “extreme form of child abuse,” the House of Commons home affairs committee called the UK’s failure to tackle FGM a “national scandal” and urged the adoption of a national action plan.

The report described the record of referrals of cases to social services by healthcare professionals as “extremely poor” and said many cannot even recognise the signs that a child is at risk. “It is unacceptable that those in a position with the most access to evidence of these crimes do nothing to help the victims and those at risk,” the MPs said…

This article can be accessed in this LINK.

Archives Blog Review

Changing gendered norms about women and girls at the level of household and community: a review of the evidence.

Glob Public Health. 2008;3 Suppl 1:42-57. doi: 10.1080/17441690801892307.

Changing gendered norms about women and girls at the level of household and community: a review of the evidence.

Keleher H, Franklin L.

Department of Health Science, Monash University, Peninsula Campus, Australia.


Gendered norms are embedded in social structures, operating to restrict the rights, opportunities, and capabilities, of women and girls, causing significant burdens, discrimination, subordination, and exploitation. This review, developed for the Women and Gender Equity Knowledge Network of the WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health, sought to identify the best available research evidence about programmatic interventions, at the level of household and community, that have been effective for changing gender norms to increase the status of women. The focus was on developing countries. A wide range of single and multiple databases were searched, utilizing database specific keywords such as: women and girls; men and boys; household and community; intervention; and gender norms. Key themes were identified: education of women and girls; economic empowerment of women; violence against women, including female genital mutilation/cutting; and men and boys. Types of interventions, levels of action, populations of interest, and key outcomes from evaluations are identified. Evaluations are limited, with little evidence or measurement of changes in gender equity and women’s empowerment. A key finding is, that targeting women and girls is a sound investment, but outcomes are dependent on integrated approaches and the protective umbrella of policy and legislative actions.

This article can be purchased in this LINK.