Tag Archives: Risk Assessment

The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)

Ritual genital cutting of female minors.

Pediatrics. 2010 Jul;126(1):191. Epub 2010 Jun 7.

Ritual genital cutting of female minors.

American Academy of Pediatrics Board of Directors.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reaffirms its strong opposition to female genital cutting (FGC) and counsels its members not to perform such procedures. As typically practiced, FGC can be life-threatening. Little girls who escape death are still vulnerable to sterility, infection, and psychological trauma.

The AAP does not endorse the practice of offering a “clitoral nick.” This minimal pinprick is forbidden under federal law and the AAP does not recommend it to its members.

The AAP is steadfast in its goal of protecting all young girls from the harms of FGC….

This article can be accessed for free in this LINK

[Shortages in the management of genitally mutilated pregnant women in Swedish health care. Time to shift the focus from women’s genitals to their whole being]

Lakartidningen. 2004 Sep 23;101(39):3003-4, 3006.

[Shortages in the management of genitally mutilated pregnant women in Swedish health care. Time to shift the focus from women’s genitals to their whole being]. [Article in Swedish]

Essén B, Johnsdotter S.

Institutionen för obstetrik och gynekologi, Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmö. birgitta.essen@obst.mas.lu.se

Comment in Lakartidningen. 2004 Oct 7;101(41):3193-4; author reply 3194.

There is no link to view this article online.