Tag Archives: Surgery/Plastic

The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.

[G-spot does not exist: G-spot amplification (i.e. G-spot Augmentation, G-Spotplasty) is a female genital mutilation type IV.] [Article in French]

Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2014 Sep 22. pii: S0294-1260(14)00110-1. doi: 10.1016/j.anplas.2014.07.005. [Epub ahead of print]

[G-spot does not exist: G-spot amplification (i.e. G-spot Augmentation, G-Spotplasty) is a female genital mutilation type IV.] [Article in French]

Puppo V.

There is no ABSTRACT available for this article.

This article can be accessed in this LINK.

Cosmetic genitoplasty: It’s female genital mutilation and should be prosecuted.

BMJ. 2007 Jun 30;334(7608):1335.FREE

Cosmetic genitoplasty: It’s female genital mutilation and should be prosecuted.

Berer M.

Comment on BMJ. 2007 May 26;334(7603):1090-2.

EXTRACT

Liao and Creighton ask how healthcare providers in the United Kingdom should respond to requests for “genitoplasty,”1 or what two UK websites call “labial reduction” and “female genital reshaping.”2 3 This procedure, which entails “the partial or total removal of the external female genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons,”4 is a criminal offence in the UK under …

This article can be accessed for free in this LINK

Surgical techniques: defibulation of Type III female genital cutting

J Sex Med. 2007 Nov;4(6):1544-7.

Surgical techniques: defibulation of Type III female genital cutting.

Johnson C, Nour NM.

Obstetrics & Gynecology, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar, Division General Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

There is no abstract available for this article.

This article can be accessed in this LINK.

Female circumcision: double standards.

Pract Midwife. 2012 Dec;15(11):27-8.

Female circumcision: double standards.

Adikibi A.

Salford University.

ABSTRACT

Female circumcision is an emotive subject condemned by all and thought to be practised by less developed countries than the United Kingdom (UK) and United States of America (USA). However, this is now a growing business among western cosmetic surgeons as these two nations become entangled in the search for ‘the perfect body’. The difference lies only in the who, why, where and by whom the operations are performed in these two distinct worlds. The most frightening observation is the rate at which this business is growing in the National Health Service (NHS) and public sector.

There is no LINK to view this article online.

[Female cosmetic genital surgery: Point-counterpoint]

Gynecol Obstet FertiL. July-Aug 2012 40(7–8); 445–448

Que penser de la génitoplastie cosmétique féminine aujourd’hui ?

[Female cosmetic genital surgery: Point-counterpoint] [Article in French]

Colson M.H.

Abstract

Cosmetic genitoplasty interventions, and especially reduction nymphoplasties, now seem to attract more and more patients, mainly among the younger who are more influenced by widely publicized pornographic than by anatomic reality they hardly suspect. However, they must be informed and warned against the trivialization of a still young surgery, insufficiently justified validated and supervised, especially on the psychological level, and with many unresolved ethical issues.

This article can be purchased in this LINK

Creighton: Reconstructive surgery after female genital mutilation.

Lancet. 2012 Oct 27;380(9852):1469; author reply 1469-70. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61836-4.

Reconstructive surgery after female genital mutilation.

Creighton S, Bewley S, Liao LM.

Comment on Lancet. 2012 Jul 14;380(9837):134-41.

This article can be purchased in this LINK

 

Views of women and men in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, on three forms of female genital modification

Reprod Health Matters. May 2010, 18(35):84-93

Views of women and men in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, on three forms of female genital modification

Jirovsky E

ABSTRACT

This paper is about how female circumcision/female genital mutilation (FC/FGM) was viewed by women and men aged 18–89 in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, now that it has been against the law for almost 15 years. The findings come from 11 months of field research, participant observation and interviews in 2008. The practice of FC/FGM was an important issue in Bobo-Dioulasso, even though prevalence seems to be falling. The most important argument for continuing it was not a traditional role, but the need to control female sexuality – regarded as very active – not to negate it, but to ensure morally acceptable behaviour. When I talked about female genital cosmetic surgery it emerged that Bobolaise women used various substances to enhance sexual pleasure for men, both to keep the relationship and to protect the gifts and money many women needed to survive and for their children. FC/FGM was seen as a socio-cultural obligation, necessary to achieve a respectable status. Other forms of genital modification were seen as a means of satisfying male sexual needs, though vaginal tightening to hide sexual experience was also a way of demonstrating respectability. What emerged overall is that Bobolaises had their own perspectives about all the forms of female genital modification that were discussed.

This article can be purchased in this LINK

Clinical characteristics of well women seeking labial reduction surgery: a prospective study

BJOG. 2011 Nov; 118(12): 1507-1510

Clinical characteristics of well women seeking labial reduction surgery: a prospective studyCrouch NS, Deans R, Michala L, Liao L-M, Creighton SM

ABSTRACT

Objective  To assess clinical characteristics and expectations in well women requesting elective labial reduction surgery.

Design  Prospective study of women attending an outpatient gynaecology clinic.

Setting  General gynaecology clinic at a Central London teaching hospital.

Sample  Women requesting labial reduction surgery and referred by their general practitioner.

Methods  The labia minora width and length were measured for all participants for comparison with published normal values. The presenting complaint was recorded, along with demographic details, expectations of surgery and sources of information regarding appearance of the labia.

Main outcome measures  Labial measurements, reported symptoms and expectations of surgery.

Results  The labia of all participants were within normal published limits, with a mean (SD) of 26.9 (12.8) mm (right labia), and 24.8 (13.1) mm (left labia). The majority of complaints were regarding appearance or discomfort. Expectations were to alter the appearance with surgery.

Conclusions  All women seeking surgery had normal-sized labia minora. Clear guidance is needed for clinicians on how best to care for the worried well woman seeking surgery.

This article can be accessed in this LINK

Labial surgery for well women: a review of the literature

BJOG. 2010 Jan; 117(1): 20-25.

Labial surgery for well women: a review of the literature

Liao L-M, Michala L, Creighton SM

ABSTRACT

This review investigates the quality and content of published reports relating to labial surgery for well women. Electronic databases were searched for relevant articles between 1950 and April 2009. Forty articles were identified, 18 of which included patient data. The specification of the study design was unavailable in 15 of the 18 papers; the remaining three were retrospective reports. No prospective, randomised or controlled studies were found. All reports claimed high levels of patient satisfaction and contained anecdotes pertaining to success. Medically nonessential surgery to the labia minora is being promoted as an effective treatment for women’s complaints, but no data on clinical effectiveness exist.

This review can be accessed in this LINK